WATER (Dan Green of Wessex Water)

Each person uses on average 150 litres of water for every day.

The water industry tries to maintain a balance between profit and ethics. It is monitored by Ofwat and observes the Biodiversity Action Plan for species protection.
It is aware of its own carbon footprint and sources renewable energy. It produces gas from sewage and uses it to generate electricity.
Sewage treatment is monitored closely with tighter controls on effluent. Advice is given to farmers regarding fertiliser and pesticide use. Reed beds and slag from the steel industry are used to extract phosphorous.

Roads disruption is lessened by the use of through pipe drilling and replacement with plastic pipes.

The scientific consensus on climate change provides a strategic theme for the water industry. South eastern parts of England are likely to face water shortages and hose-pipe bans. Excessive melting of Arctic sea ice may lead to disruptions of weather patterns. SW England might receive heavier rainfall. The water industry will seek to maintain water quality inspite of increasing warmth and rise in odours. River flows are likely to reduce at times, but flooding could threaten the industry’s plant.

Drinking water quality is maintained. Average UK water metering is 50%, but within Bristol it is 37%. House moves and new housing are possible vehicles for meter expansion. Smart meters should encourage domestic water monitoring. Waste water can be used for gardening and grey water for toilets. Further water refinement domestically might incur an energy cost. People who have problems paying their water bills are advised to seek help from the Citizen Advice Bureau.

Leaks from water pipes are targeted by Ofwat. Lower water pressure and improved technology have led to improvements in leakages.

The water industries combine to lobby Government on longer term water supplies. Competition between companies is limited and tends to relate to within rather than between supplies and treatments. Companies have arrangements to share water supplies.

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